AED (antiepileptic drug)
A seizure-preventing drug. AEDs are carried to the brain through the bloodstream.
Preventing or arresting convulsions; agent that prevents convulsions
Preventing seizures; there is no agent that prevents epilepsy.
Defect in or loss of the ability to express oneself using speech, writing, or signs, or to comprehend spoken or written language as a result of injury to or disease of the brain’s speech centers.
An inability to coordinate muscle movement
A sensation recognized by a patient that precedes or signals the beginning of a seizure. May include uneasiness, déjà vu, sensory illusions (odors, visual illusions or misconceptions, sounds), stomach discomfort, and dizziness.
Involuntary, undirected movements during complex partial seizures and atypical absence seizures.
Involves repeated seizures that follow immediately upon one another or which happen within hours of each other following periods without seizure activity.
An involuntary muscle contractions common in generalized tonic-clonic seizures.
Of unknown origin
A chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures; estimated to affect nearly 2.9 million children and adults in the United States. Like all individuals with disabilities, people with epilepsy dislike labels, such as in “He’s an epileptic.” This dislike can be summed up by the statement, “epilepsy is what I have, not what I am.” The preferred terminology is person with epilepsy or child with epilepsy, rather than epileptic. Use of epileptic as an adjective, as in “epileptic seizures” is appropriate.
A physician (neurologist) expert in the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy..
Pertaining to, characterized by, or caused by an epileptic seizure.
A seizure; a stroke.
Of unknown origin or cause.
The period of time between one seizure and another.
Stringent, high fat, low carbohydrate diet that controls seizures in some children.
Death rate; often given as ratio of deaths per 100,000.
Epilepsy in which the seizures come from a number of locations in the brain.
A specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of nervous system diseases and disorders such as epilepsy.
A reflex epilepsy in which seizures are triggered by flashing lights or patterns (e.g., strobe lights, video games, or flipping and rolling of a television screen).
Polytherapy (syn.: polypharmacy)
The use of two or more antiepileptic medications for control of seizures.
Temporary incoherence, inability to respond to contact or unfamiliarity with environment which commonly follows tonic-clonic, complex partial and atonic seizures.
Indicating the onset of a disease. In epilepsy, indicating the onset of a seizure.
A sudden disruptive change in a person’s behavior which resembles epileptic seizures but has no electrophysiological changes in the brain. PNES may be related to physical illness, psychiatric disorder or emotional attacks.
Rare epilepsy which occurs in response to specific sensory stimulus, including flickering light or patterns, sounds, tastes, smells, movements or sensations of touch.
Difficult to treat, unresponsive or of limited response to medication.
An abnormal electrical discharge in the brain. Seizures can be related to injury, high fever, substance abuse, metabolic disorders, and other health conditions such as diabetes, and are not always a sign of epilepsy.
The point at which a person can no longer tolerate a seizure-provoking stimulus (e.g., babies have a lower seizure threshold for high body temperature than do adults. High fever can trigger febrile